Essential oil by steam distillation
from the rhizomes (and sometimes the leaves).
Country of Origin: India
Extraction method: Steam distilled
oil has a warm, spicy odor, reminiscent of a sweet forest.
A reed like aquatic plant about 1
metre high, with sword-shaped leaves and small greenish-yellow
flowers. It grows on the margins of lakes and streams with the
long-branched rhizome immersed in the mud. The whole plant is
The name derives from the Greek calamos meaning ’reed’. The
properties of the herb are mainly due to the aromatic oil,
contained largely in the root. It used to be highly esteemed
as an aromatic stimulant and tonic for fever (typhoid),
nervous complaints, vertigo, headaches, dysentery, etc. It is
still current in the British Herbal Pharmacopoeia, for ’acute
and chronic dyspepsia, gastritis, intestinal colic, anorexia,
gastric ulcer.’ In Turkey and especially in India (where it is
valued as a traditional medicine), it is sold as a candied
rhizome for dyspepsia, bronchitis and coughs.
Beta-asarone , also calamene,
calamol, calamenene, eugenol and shyobunones.
IN PERFUMES OF THE
WOODY ORIENTAL TYPE, IN SPICE BLENDS AND FLAVOURS FOR
ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES, IN REGULATING BLOOD PRESSURE,
AROMATHERAPEUTIC USES (IN REGULATION BP).
Extensively used in cosmetic and
perfumery work, in woody / oriental / leather perfumes and to
scent hair powders and tooth powders in the same way as orris